Fire is a continuing problem around the world and it must be controlled. This ACS Symposium Series volume addresses recent advances in fire retardancy and examines progress that has been made in controlling fires. It focuses on the chemistry of the polymers themselves and how those chemical structures yield particular heat release, thermal decomposition products, and full-scale fire performance. The book consists of 5 sections. First, the Editors produce an overview to put the latest research into perspective. The first third of the book focuses on Nanocomposites and Flame Retardancy and represents the current state of the field. The second third of the book is devoted to Polymer Flammability Measurement and Mechanisms. The remainder of the book will is equally divided between New Flame Retardant Chemistry and Recent Developments in Flame Retardant Materials. Each of the 4 technical sections is preceded by a short overview provided by the editors.