Garneting the lion's share of mainstream funding from international development agencies, the Integrated Conservation and Development Projects (ICDPs) represent the most popular approach to conserving the world's biodiversity. ICDPs include a variety of initiatives seeking to link the conservation of biodiversity in protected areas with the social and economic development of neighboring communities. Yet there are still important unanswered questions concerning the effectiveness and even appropriateness of the ICDP approach. This book explores both the theoretical and practical underpinnings of integrated conservation and development. It synthesizes existing experience to better inform conservationists and decision makers of the role ICDPs play in conservation and management and the role they should play in biodiversity conservation.