The South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC) encompasses seven countries of a large landmass containing one-fifth of the total global population. After the formation of SAARC in August 1980, several publications have been brought out by many organisations, which by and large deal with issues like economy, politics, administration and so on. This book comprises three articles, besides an introductory note by the editors and an epilogue on the important issues related to the bio-cultural relations - is the first of its kind. The book discusses, in depth, the biological and cultural affinities/linkages of the populations of these countries. While the biological affinities of the populations in respect of these countries have been traced back from the pre-historic to the contemporary period, the cultural linkages, with special reference to trade, religion, art, architecture and so on have been documented from the ancient to the medieval historical period of the region.