This book is a practical guide on anti-counterfeiting and anti-piracy measures at the borders of the enlarged European Community. It deals with all aspects of "border measures" under Regulation (EC) 1383/2003. As well as providing a thorough description of the implementation of the new regime, the publication also fills in the gaps by including areas of national law, thus providing a coherent overview of the application of the current regime of border measures in place within the European Union. The main topics addressed are: (i) the general background behind the phenomena of counterfeiting and piracy in Europe (by Prof. Michael Blakeney), (ii) the international legal framework for border measures (Paris Convention, Bern Convention, TRIPS, WIPO Model Provisions, etc.) (by Prof. Daniel Gervais), as well as (EC) Regulation 1383/2003, Implementing Regulation 1891/2004 and the case law of the European Court of Justice (by Mr Schneider and Mr Vrins). (iii) The main part of the book is devoted to national reports on the application of border measures in all 25 Member Countries of the European Community. (iv) The last Chapter of the book highlights the similarities and differences in the approaches adopted by the Member States when faced with infringements of intellectual property rights at the borders, and attempts to emphasize how these are relevant to right-holders when defining their strategies in the fight against such infringements. This manual is the very first English language publication dealing with the practical application of Regulation 1383/2003 in all 25 Member Countries of the European Community.