This practical guide to laparoscopic surgery highlights the practical problems faced by surgeons and the underlying theories. The rationale behind applications, as well as clinical experiences and morbidity, are examined by surgeons experienced in the field. The introductory section on basic principles reviews the history of laparoscopic and endoscopic surgery as well as training and credentialing. The sections on various subspecialties allow comprehensive assessment of numerous procedures and conditions. It includes general procedures and special conditions of cardiovascular surgery and reviews international experience with minimally invasive surgery.