This easy-to-use, inexpensive text introduces students to the fundamentals of photography and suggests ways in which they might create photographs that have meaning. Oriented toward traditional black and white photography, the book also explores digital techniques and web photography resources, equipment, cameras and camera accessories, the exposure and development of film, and the making and finishing of prints. All aspects of the process are explained and illustrated clearly in two-page spreads, each of which addresses a self-contained topic.NEW-An entire chapter devoted to digital photography-Chapter 8 covers equipment and materials; pixels; histograms and info palettes; editing an image; printing; and much more.~Familiarizes students with a new and immensely powerful technique that is changing photography-and empowering those who use it. NEW-Color and black-and-white illustrations-By such masters of photography as Ansel Adams; Edward Weston; Imogen Cunningham; Alfred Stieglitz; Walker Evans; Susan Meiselas; Eugene Richards; Henri Cartier-Bresson; and Minor White.~Shows students works by some of the greatest artists ever to use a camera. NEW-Updated technical and product information throughout.~Teaches students how to incorporate automatic features of cameras in order to get the results they want, and clarifies each stage of extended procedures such as negative development and printing. A section on getting started.~Walks students through the first steps of selecting and loading film, focusing sharply, adjusting the exposure, and making their first pictures. Projects.~Helps students develop their technical and expressive skills. Information on making better prints.~Gives students material on how to fine tune their prints by burning in and dodging, and by cropping the edges to concentrate attention on the portion of the scene they want. Varied types of lens, film, lighting, and filters.~Familiarizes students with the different options available to them. Emphasis on personal choices-Treats photography as a subjective and personal undertaking.~Demonstrates how to look at a scene in terms of the way the camera can record it, how to select shutter speed, point of view, or other elements that can make the difference between an ordinary snapshot and an exciting photograph. Unique chapter on "Seeing Like a Camera."~Explores choices in selecting and adjusting the image, and covers how to photograph subjects such as people and landscapes. Expanded treatment of health and safety precautions in the darkroom.~Presents students with valuable information on mixing, handling, and discarding chemicals when processing film and making prints. Two-page spreads throughout-Represents each topic fully with high quality pictures.~Introduces and complete an idea in a pair of facing pages - at the skills and concept level of beginning photographers.